Common kinds of disorders

It is not always about difficulties in life. Sometimes people suffer from mental disorders or mental illnesses. To diagnose it you need the help of a specialist. But is good to have some basic knowledge about some kinds of mental problems, so you can seek help before the problems grow.
What do some popular names mean?

  • Neurosis is an old expression for anxiety disorders, when the core problem is mostly unconscious anxiety which causes many different kinds of symptoms. The anxiety may not have any realistic reason, but the person is aware of its unrealistic and mostly internal character. An example of neurosis is obsessive – compulsive behaviour, when conscious anxiety appears if a person is prevented from performing particular repetitive actions.
  • Phobias are connected with more obvious fears, such as fear of spiders or open space. Phobias are culturally determined e.g. pathological fear of scorpions occurs only in countries where they found.
  • Adjustment disorder is a temporary diagnosis, which could be connected with overwhelming life situation or sudden change not possible to bear for a particular person. Symptoms of adjustment disorders could be very different.
  • Personality disorders are general maladaptive patterns of behaviour caused by pathological experiencing yourself, other people and world as a whole. It results in problems establishing bonds and fulfilling life roles. Personality disorders can also cause many symptoms, but they are more unstable and random than in neurosis. There are many different kinds of personality disorders e.g. histrionic, narcissistic or borderline.
  • Depression is a whole group of disorders connected with the experiencing loss and regret. It could occur in a life crisis or as a result of bereavement; could be also one of the symptoms of neurosis or a consequence of maladaptive behaviours in a personality disorder. Finally sometimes major depression or bipolar (mania and depression alternately) disorder occurs – it is a depressive psychosis and needs to be treated always with both psychotherapy and medicines.
  • Schizophrenia is a psychosis which means mental illness, when people lose contact with reality and others, their feelings become pale, thoughts disorganized and they experience many delusional fears and hallucinations bizarre or persecutory in nature. They are not aware of its unrealistic character and this lack of conscious awareness and selfcriticism is the necessary condition of a diagnosis of schizophrenia. Very often it requires temporary hospitalization, but always medication and regular psychological help.
  • Drug psychosis is nowadays a very common psychiatric diagnosis. Various substances, both legal and illegal could cause or contribute to psychosis. Sometimes psychosis lasts as long as a drug is working, sometimes it is prolonged for a few months, but occasionally drugs are evoking long-lasting psychoses similar to schizophrenia.